As soon as upon a time a well-known dancer improvised instinctive actions that had been, nonetheless, extraordinarily subtle resulting from his virtuosity and, due to this actual fact, completely stunning. This physique language was not precisely a dance, however it had undeniably been impressed by it.
The charming great thing about the method moved all those that watched; they had been overwhelmed with its expressiveness, and requested the dancer to show them his artwork. And so he did. To start with, the tactic had no title. It was one thing spontaneous that got here from inside and solely echoed within the hearts of those that had been born adorned by a extra refined sensibility.
Because the years handed, the good dancer was capable of convey a superb a part of his information till at some point, lengthy after, the Grasp handed on to the invisible planes. His artwork, nonetheless, didn’t die. Essentially the most loyal disciples preserved it and assumed the mission of re-transmitting it. The pupils of this technology understood the significance of additionally changing into lecturers, and of modifying nothing, altering nothing of the excellent teachings of the primary Mentor.
At some second in Historical past, this artwork obtained the title integrity, integration, union: in Sanskrit, Yôga! Its founder was entered into mythology with the title of Shiva and with the title of Natarája, King of the Dancers.
These information occurred greater than 5,000 years in the past within the Northeast of India, within the Indus Valley, populated by the Dravidian folks. Due to this fact, we’ll examine the origins of Yôga on this interval and discover its unique function, in order that we will determine genuine teachings and distinguish them from others which have been compromised by consumerism and interference from alien and incompatible strategies.
Yôga, Tantra and Sámkhya, had been developed by this admirable folks. Their civilization, which can be one of the vital superior of historic instances, was misplaced and forgotten for hundreds of years till archaeologists, on the finish of the nineteenth century, encountered proof of its existence and excavated two essential archaeological websites, the place they found the cities of Harappá and Mohenjo-Daro. Later, increasingly more websites had been uncovered. In the present day, there are already hundreds of web sites distributed over an space bigger than that of Egypt and Mesopotamia.
The archaeologists had been impressed with what they encountered. Their excavations of the cities revealed city planning. As an alternative of tortuously slim roads, huge avenues of as much as 14 meters, operating from North to South and East to West, had been discovered. Amongst these, there have been streets for pedestrians on which ox-carts didn’t journey. On these streets, the center class homes had two tales, inside atriums, indoor toilets and operating water! Remember that we’re speaking a couple of civilization that flourished over 3,000 years earlier than Christ.
This isn’t all, nonetheless. Lighting on the streets and coated sanitation programs, kids’s toys resembling vehicles having wheels that turned in addition to detailed photographs of bulls’ heads and dolls with implanted hair had been discovered. Imposing barns that had an ingenious system of air flow and elevated platforms to facilitate the loading and unloading of ox-carts had been uncovered.
In different cultures of the identical interval, the buildings of the sovereigns confirmed opulent palaces and majestic royal tombs whereas the folks subsisted in filthy shacks. Within the Dravidian tradition, quite the opposite, folks lived effectively and the structure of the general public administration was easy.
Gaston Courtillier famous one other vital distinction between this and different civilizations. “We’re really stunned that, in these profoundly non secular instances, we didn’t discover temples or remnants of statues, not even of adoration or of divinity for oration, which was the rule in different areas all through historic instances.” For us, this is sensible, in spite of everything, we all know that in Historic India, Sámkhya had its second of splendour; and in pre-classic India, the Niríshwarasámkhya selection was much more naturalistic than Basic Sámkhya.
The Dravidian society has been recognized as matriarchal, which can be coherent with our sources, which present Yôga got here from a Tantric tradition.
Even farther under the ruins of the primary cities, archaeologists found different cities. To their shock, additional down they encountered one more, which was nonetheless extra historic. They dug extra and located one other metropolis under that one. And one more. And one more. What known as their consideration was the truth that, the deeper they excavated, the extra superior the expertise was, not solely when it comes to the structure but additionally in regard to the utensils. This continued till finally, they reached an underground aquifer and their excavations had been compelled to halt. In mild of those discoveries, what we should ask ourselves is: what number of different cities had been there below these and the way way more developed would they’ve been?
In any case, it was from this Dravidian civilization, a Tantric (matriarchal) and Sámkhya (naturalistic) civilization, that Yôga emerged.
Round one thousand 5 hundred years after the earliest metropolis uncovered within the excavations flourished, historic information present that the civilization of the Indus Valley was invaded by a sub-barbarian folks, the Áryas or Arians, who got here from Central Europe. It’s proven in present historic information that these Arians destroyed the Dravidian civilization, absorbing some elements of their tradition into their very own and exterminating nearly all those that had been conquered and enslaving the few survivors. Others escaped, migrating to the intense south of India and Sri Lanka, the place their descendants reside till at this time. In the present day, they’re known as the Tamil.
Yôga was the product of a non-warring, naturalist and matriarchal civilization. From 1,500 B.C. on, it started to be absorbed by one other folks (the Arians), which had been their polar reverse: warring, mystical and patriarchal. Round twelve hundred years after the invasion (which is under no circumstances a brief interval), Yôga was formally ‘arianized’ by means of the celebrated work the Yôga Sútra by Pátañjali. This work inaugurated a re-reading of Yôga and from that time on, it could be often called Yôga Darshana, or Basic Yôga, which proposed nothing lower than the alternative of the habits proposed by the true Yôga of Dravidian origin. The Yôga of the Dravids was matriarchal, sensorial and non-repressive or, in a single phrase, Tantric. This new ‘arianized’ interpretation was patriarchal, anti-sensorial and repressive, in different phrases, brahmácharya.
Essentially the most fascinating factor about this means of disruption is that if it weren’t for Pátañjali, Yôga would have disappeared from the information of Historical past. Due to his efforts, which had been clearly effectively intentioned and sensible, at this time, his codification of Basic Yôga exists and is understood to us. Adapting Yôga to the fact of the Arians, who discriminated towards every part sometimes Dravidian due to its matriarchal traits (thought-about subversive by the dominant patriarchal society), Pátañjali was capable of get Arian society and its constituent powers of that point to just accept it and with this, such a practice has reached us at this time.
After Pátañjali’s work, within the Center Ages, Yôga suffered one other grave disfigurement when the grand Grasp of Vêdanta philosophy, Shankaráchárya, transformed a big a part of the inhabitants. This was mirrored in Yôga, as a result of with the vast majority of Indians transformed to Vêdánta, when practising Yôga, public opinion and its leaders additionally conferred a spiritualistic format to Yôga, which, from its Dravidian origins and even through the Basic Interval, was basically of a Sámkhya or naturalistic philosophy.
Within the twentieth century, Yôga suffered nonetheless one other super blow: it was found by the Occident and, in fact, ‘westernized’. It turned utilitarian, consumerist, one thing amorphous, ugly and boring.
Reputable Yôga, nonetheless, is gorgeous to observe; it’s fascinating to follow; and it’s wonderful as a philosophy of life. It’s dynamic and it’s robust.
The issue is that many individuals with out certification as yoga mythology course online lecturers have designated themselves to show and, as a result of they don’t possess a repertoire of strategies, they combine somewhat of gymnastics, a little bit of esoterism, a tad of hypnotism, a pinch of spiritism, one thing of the language tai-chi, some ideas of macrobiotics and all this they mood in another therapeutic ambiance then bundle it for consumption in a gentle voice with new-age music. For the inexperienced, who should not have the slightest concept of what Yôga is, apart from a stereotyped and false imaginative and prescient, this fallacious miscellaneous satisfies.